Capital: Buenos Aires
Area: 2 766 890 sq.km.
Population: 40 091 359 ppl.
Currency: Argentinean peso (ARS)
Time zone: UTC-3
Phone code: +54
Argentina is officially called Republic of Argentina (República Argentina). It is the second largest territory in Southern America, as well as third most populated country in South America. Argentina is located in the south-eastern part of the continent of South America, on the East side of the island of Tierra del Fuego and the nearby islands of Staten.
Argentina shares borders with the following countries: Chile (West), Bolivia and Paraguay (North), Brazil and Uruguay (North-East). The eastern part of the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean. In terms of population Argentina occupies the 3rd place in South America and 33 in the world. Argentina is a member of the United Nations organization, the IMF and OAS. Since 1853, Argentina's current power is divided between the legislative, judicial and executive, both at the state and local levels. Argentina is a federal republic, which is divided into 23 provinces and one Federal Capital Territory. The head of state is the president, who is elected for four years. Parliament elections are held every 2 years.