Area: 8 514 877sq.km.
Population: 190 732 694 ppl.
Currency: Real (BRL)
Time zone: UTC-2/-4
Phone code: +55
Federative Republic of Brazil is the official name of Brazil. This state is the largest by its total area in South America. Brazil is 5th largest country of the world by it total area and a number of its population. The country is located on Eastern and Central part of American continent.
The capital of Brazil is Brasilia. Brazil shares borders with most of the countries from South American except Chile and Ecuador. The countries that are sharing borders with Brazil are French Guiana, Suriname, Guyana, Venezuela (North), Columbia (Northwest), Peru, and Bolivia (West), Paraguay and Argentina (South-west), and Uruguay (South). Total length of land borders is 16 000 km. Eastern part is washed by the Atlantic Ocean, total length of the coastline is 7 400 km.
Brazilian territory also includes several archipelagos such as Rokas, Fernando de Noronha, Trindade, San Pedro and San Paulo, Martin Vas. By form of government, Brazil is a presidential republic; the head of the state is the president, which is elected for four years. Highest legislature in Brazil is the National Congress, which consists of two chambers: the Federal Senate (81 seats) and the Chamber of Deputies (513 seats).