Population: 1 344 130 000 ppl.
Area: 9 706 96 sq.km
Currency: Renminbi (CNY)
Time zone: UTC+8
Phone code: +86
China is officially known as the People’s Republic of China. It is located in Eastern Asia, and is the largest in the world by its total population. After the proclamation of the People's Republic of China in 1949, the ruling party is the Communist Party of China (CPC). There are also another eight registered political parties (for example, the Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang), formally they are independent of the CPC.
China is administratively divided into 22 provinces, with the opinion of the government of the PRC that Taiwan is 23rd province. In addition, China also includes 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities and 2 special administrative districts. 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities, 22 provinces are united by the term "mainland China", which usually does not include Macau, Taiwan, Hong Kong.
According to the constitution of the PRC by law there is three-tier administrative division: the provinces, counties and districts. But in fact in mainland China, there are five levels of local government. After the foundation of the New China in 1949 four of the Constitutions (1954, 1975, 1978 and 1982) were adopted. Under the Constitution of the People's Republic of China (December 1982), China is a socialist state of the people's democratic dictatorship. Unicameral National People's Congress (NPC) is the highest organ of state power, which consists of 2979 members, who are elected by regional people's congresses for a period of 5 years. NPC session convened on an annual basis.