Capital: 64 589 sq.km
Population: 2 217 053 ppl.
Currency: Latvian Lat (LVL)
Time zone: UTC+2
Phone code: +371
Latvia is officially called Latvian Republic. This is a state located in Northern Europe and is one of the Baltic States. Capital of Latvia is Riga, with 699 203 inhabitants.
Total area of the country is – 64 589 square kilometers. Total length of country’s borders is 1150 km. The country is washed by the Baltic Sea, the coastal line is 531km. Latvia shares borders with the following countries: Estonia (North), Lithuania (South), Russia (East) and Belorussia (South East). Latvia also has a sea border with Sweden. The country is a member of the European UNI0N and NATO.
Name of the country fell into the Latvian language from Lithuania, where it was formed from the ethnonym Letts - "latvyay”. The form of government in Latvia is a parliamentary republic. Local parliament is called Saeima. Deputy of the Saeima is one in a hundred representatives of the people, elected by voting among people with Latvian citizenship. Latvia is a unitary state, administratively divided into 119 single-tier municipalities - 110 territories and 9 republican cities (Daugavpils, Riga, Jelgava, Liepaja, Ventspils, Riga, Valmiera Jekabpils Rezekne). The territories are made up of geographically marginal districts and cities. List of largest cities: Riga, Daugavpils, Liepaja, Jelgava, Jurmala, Ventspils, Rezekne, Valmiera, Ogre, Jekabpils Tukums Salaspils, Cesis, Kuldiga, Olaine Saldus, Sigulda, Talsi, Dobele.