Population: 4 987 600 ppl.
Languages: English, Chinese, Malaysian, Tamilian
Currency: Singapore Dollar (SGD)
Time zone: UTC+8
Phone code: +65
The Republic of Singapore is a city-state, which is located on islands in the South East of Asia, which are separated from the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula. Singapore shares borders with the Sultanate of Johor, which is part of Malaysia and the islands named in Riau. The name Singapore comes from the Malay Singh (lion) and the Sanskrit पुर pura (city).
The total area of Singapore is 714.3 sq. km., the area gradually increases due to in washing program, which is active since 1960. The territory consists of the main island of Singapore and 58 small islands along its coast. The largest of them are Tekong Besar, Ubin, Sentosa, Brani, Sudong and Semakau.
The highest point in Singapore is Bukit Timah Hill (163.3 m.) The form of government in Singapore is a parliamentary republic. The government has a cabinet, which is headed by the Prime Minister, the President does more of a representative role, but in some cases he may veto critical decisions. The government of Singapore organized an efficient and transparent market economy in the country.
In addition, the government has a good reputation for fairness and non-corrupt, according to various Rating, Singapore is considered as one of the least corrupt countries in the world. Singapore is a member of such international organizations as the UN, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).